Modern witchcraft, also known as Wicca, is a contemporary pagan religion that emerged in the mid-20th century. It is a nature-based religion that focuses on honoring the earth and its cycles, and it draws inspiration from various pre-Christian European traditions.
There are many different traditions of modern witchcraft, and each has its own unique beliefs and practices. Here are some of the most common traditions:
Gardnerian Wicca: This is one of the oldest and most traditional forms of modern witchcraft, founded in the 1950s by Gerald Gardner. It is a coven-based tradition that emphasizes the worship of the goddess and the god, and the practice of magic and ritual.
Alexandrian Wicca: Founded by Alex Sanders in the 1960s, Alexandrian Wicca is similar to Gardnerian Wicca but places more emphasis on ceremonial magic and the use of tools such as the wand and the chalice.
Celtic Wicca: This tradition draws heavily on Celtic mythology and folklore, and focuses on the worship of Celtic deities such as Brigid and Cernunnos.
Dianic Wicca: This tradition is focused on the worship of the goddess and the celebration of the feminine divine. It is often feminist in nature and may be exclusively female or include men as well.
Eclectic Wicca: This is a more individualistic approach to modern witchcraft, where practitioners may draw on a variety of traditions and beliefs to create their own unique practice.
Seax-Wica: Founded in the 1970s by Raymond Buckland, this tradition draws on Anglo-Saxon and Germanic mythology and incorporates elements of shamanism.
Kitchen Witchcraft: This is a more domestic form of witchcraft that focuses on the use of herbs, cooking, and home-based rituals and magic.
These are just a few of the many different traditions of modern witchcraft. Each has its own unique beliefs and practices, but all share a deep reverence for nature and the cycles of the earth, as well as a belief in the power of magic and the divine.